The Need To Know Vocabulary Guide to Mortgages

by Allison Jaffe 04/28/2019

Real estate terminology can be confusing for both new and experienced homeowners alike. Especially when it comes to the various types of loans. If the different types of loans have your head spinning, don’t worry. I hear you!

Here’s what you need to know:

Mortgage prequalification is an estimate a lender will give as to what you will qualify for when a more in-depth analysis is made. It doesn't guarantee anything and is to be thought of as a rough ballpark estimate.

Mortgage pre-approval is when a more in-depth review is made. The lender will take your income, debt and other factors into consideration to give you a more conclusive number. This number is the max they will lend out to you. It does not mean you have to take out the full amount.

Adjustable rate mortgage or ARM is a mortgage in which the interest rate changes over time. These changes are dependent on an index based on the credit markets. The change in interest rate should reflect a fairness of risk to both the lender and borrower. These changes are regulated by the government and there is a limit to the charges. The initial lower rate the first few years is a draw for many borrowers.

A fixed-rate mortgage or FRM is, as you might have guessed, one where the interest rate does not change throughout the lifespan of the loan. These loans are seen as risky in that the interest rate doesn’t reflect the flux of credit market values. What this means is that sometimes the risk for the lender increases if the market value of the home increases. And the risk increases for the buyer when the market value of the home decreases.

Conventional loans have fixed terms and rates and are not “government-backed”. This simply means they are not guaranteed by the government or insured by a government agency. Examples of these agencies are the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Farmers Home Administration(FmHA), and the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA).

Private mortgage insurance or PMI is a type of insurance for a conventional loan. This loan protects the lender if, for whatever reason, you were to stop making payments. It’s usually a monthly premium tacked onto your mortgage payment. It can also be an upfront cost you only need to pay once. This is a decision that is up to and may be mandatory, by your lender.

Federal housing administration loan or FHA loan can only be obtained from qualifying lenders. These loans are insured by the FHA. This mortgage is designed to assist home buyers who have a low to moderate income and can’t afford to put down a large down payment. The down payment can be as low as 3.5% of the home's value for borrowers who qualify.  

About the Author
Author

Allison Jaffe

Welcome to Key Real Estate Services 

Providing professional representation for Sellers and Buyers throughout NYC and the northern suburbs.

Westchester/Rockland/Putnam: 914-661-0340

Manhattan/Bronx/Brooklyn/Queens: 718-874-2877

www.keyrealestateny.com

Meet Our Team

Allison Jaffe, Licensed Real Estate Broker

Office: 914-661-0340 or 718-874-2877, Ext. 2

Call/Text: 718-577-5284

Email: [email protected]

During more than 14 years as an independent broker, Allison has managed all manner of residential real estate sales – single and multi-family houses, condos, co-ops, and mixed-use -- from upper Manhattan, throughout the Bronx and Queens, across Westchester to Putnam and Rockland Counties. Allison specializes as a Sellers Agent, Seniors Real Estate Specialist (SRES), Estate Properties Agent, and a Certified Buyer Representative (CBR). Please see our menu of Client Services to learn more about each of these focused areas of real estate expertise.

"I determined early in my real estate career to focus on the specific needs of my respective clients rather than a specific geographic area. My job isn’t to sell buyers on a town or school district – they know where they want to live – my job is to sell the one property in that location that my client has to sell. My buyer clients want options and having lived and worked in Westchester, Rockland, the Bronx, and Manhattan, I know where to find those options.”

Linda Mancini, Licensed Real Estate Salesperson

Office: 914-661-0340 or 718-874-2877, Ext. 3

Call/Text: 718-619-8022

Email: [email protected]

Linda joined Key Real Estate Services in 2017 to expand our client representation throughout Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens. Extending the firm’s core principal of market expertise, Linda specializes in HDFC (Housing Development Fund Corporation) apartments in NYC that keep affordable housing options open to financially qualified families.

"I’m happy to represent the firm’s client-centric, market expertise approach to real estate throughout NYC. After more than thirty years of experience with HDFC properties, I’m able to guide qualified clients through the particular challenges of buying into and selling out of this unique homeownership option.”

Lea Mae de Guzman, Client Care Coordinator

Office: 914-661-0340 or 718-874-2877, Ext. 1

Call/Text: 718-577-5286

Email: [email protected]

Overseeing transaction activity, Lea works directly with Allison and Linda to keep every sale and purchase moving forward efficiently. With her finger on the pulse of each client’s transaction, Lea is at the firm’s administrative hub for scheduling, document processing, and coordinated communication.

"While I attend to the day-to-day clerical and communication needs for all of Key Real Estate Services’ clients, Allison and Linda are free to give their undivided attention to one client at a time in the field. I’m sort of the company's human tracking app that every client can access online, by text, or on the phone.”